High blood pressure (hypertension) is the leading cause of kidney disease in the United States. People who have high blood pressure, especially those with diabetes, are at higher risk for kidney disease
Almost 1 in 2 U.S. adults or about 108 million people have high blood pressure or hypertension. More than 1 in 7 U.S. adults or about 37 million people may have chronic kidney disease (CKD).
Blood pressure is the force of your blood against the walls of your blood vessels as your heart pumps out blood. If this pressure becomes too high, then you have high blood pressure or hypertension.
The role of the kidney is to filter blood removing wastes and extra water to make urine. Urine flows to the bladder through a pair of thin tubes called ureters from each kidney. The urinary tract system includes kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
High blood pressure can injure the blood vessels and filters in the kidney, which makes it difficult to remove waste from the body. End-stage renal disease is the final stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Once a person is diagnosed with end-stage renal disease, dialysis (which is a process of blood-cleansing) or kidney transplantation is necessary.
Kidney disease caused by high blood pressure has an effect on every group and race. However, certain groups are at higher risk, which includes:
Having a healthy lifestyle and making changes in daily habit can help keep high blood pressure under control-